Durum flour is a type of wheat flour that is made from durum wheat. It has a higher gluten content than other types of wheat flour and therefore can be used to make dough that is more elastic and less likely to tear. Durum flour is often used to make pasta because it helps the pasta dough to hold its shape better during cooking. Durum wheat is often used in foods like bread, pasta, noodles, couscous, and baked goods, or ground into finer flour to make unleavened bread or pizza dough. Durum wheat grains can be ground into semolina, a type of coarse flour commonly used in pasta, including couscous.